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UX Abbreviations & Acronyms


Alphabetically sorted list of abbreviations: Acronyms, numeronyms, initialisms, and contractions used in user experience, human–computer interaction, web design, web development and related business areas.

Introduction #

Comprehensive compilation of acronyms, abbreviations, numeronyms, initialisms, and contractions used in the domains of User Experience (UX), Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), Web Design, and Development.

The list is alphabetically sorted and also contains abbreviations that you often encounter in everyday agency life and customer meetings.

If the usage of abbreviations and acronyms is unavoidable, use them sparingly and explain them beforehand. To the greatest extent possible, talk in plain English.

4K #

Stands for 4K screen display resolution.

A high-resolution format with approximately 4,000 pixels horizontally, providing a clearer and more detailed image. Learn more about 4K screen display resolution (4K) on

8K #

Stands for 8K screen display resolution.

An even higher resolution format with approximately 8,000 pixels horizontally, offering extremely sharp and detailed visuals. Learn more about 8K screen display resolution (8K) on


Stands for Automated Certificate Management.

A process of automating the issuance, renewal, and management of digital security certificates. Learn more about Automated Certificate Management (ACM) on


Stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML.

A technology for making asynchronous requests to a server and updating web page content without refreshing the whole page. Learn more about Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) on


Stands for Amazon Machine Image.

A pre-configured virtual machine image used for launching instances in Amazon Web Services (AWS). Learn more about Amazon Machine Image (AMI) on


Stands for Application Programming Interface.

A set of rules and protocols that allow different software applications to communicate and interact with each other. Learn more about Application Programming Interface (API) on


Stands for Application Performance Management.

The practice of monitoring and optimizing the performance of software applications. Learn more about Application Performance Management (APM) on


Stands for Amazon Resource Name.

A unique identifier used in AWS to specify and access resources like EC2 instances and S3 buckets. Learn more about Amazon Resource Name (ARN) on


Stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

A character encoding standard that represents text and control characters using numerical values. Learn more about American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) on

B2B #

Stands for Business to Business.

Refers to businesses that sell products or services to other businesses. Learn more about Business to Business (B2B) on

B2C #

Stands for Business to Consumer.

Refers to businesses that sell products or services directly to consumers. Learn more about Business to Consumer (B2C) on


Stands for Block, Element, Modifier.

A naming convention for organizing and styling CSS code, particularly useful in large web development projects. Learn more about Block, Element, Modifier (BEM) on


Stands for Backend for Frontend.

A design pattern where a separate backend is created for each frontend application or platform. Learn more about Backend for Frontend (BFF) on

BI #

Stands for Business Intelligence.

The process of collecting, analyzing, and using data to make informed business decisions. Learn more about Business Intelligence (BI) on


Stands for Berkeley Internet Name Domain.

An open-source software that provides domain name system (DNS) services. Learn more about Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) on


Stands for Business Process Model and Notation.

A standardized graphical representation for modeling and designing business processes. Learn more about Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) on


Stands for Build to Order.

A production strategy where products are manufactured only after receiving customer orders. Learn more about Build to Order (BTO) on

BU #

Stands for Business Unit.

A division or segment within a company responsible for specific business functions. Learn more about Business Unit (BU) on

CaaS #

Stands for Container-as-a-Service.

A cloud computing service that provides container orchestration and management. Learn more about Container-as-a-Service (CaaS) on


Stands for Change Advisory Board.

A group responsible for reviewing and approving proposed changes in an organization’s IT environment. Learn more about Change Advisory Board (CAB) on


Stands for Compound Annual Growth Rate.

A measure of the mean annual growth rate of an investment or business over a specified time period. Learn more about Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) on

ccTLD #

Stands for Country-Code Top-Level Domain.

Internet domain extensions associated with specific countries or territories, such as .us for the United States. Learn more about Country-Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) on


Stands for Content Delivery Network.

A distributed network of servers that delivers web content to users based on their geographic location for faster loading times. Learn more about Content Delivery Network (CDN) on

CE #

Stands for Cost Estimate.

An approximation of the expected cost of a project or task. Learn more about Cost Estimate (CE) on


Stands for Central and Eastern Europe.

A region in Europe that includes countries from the former Eastern Bloc. Learn more about Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) on

CF #

Stands for Cloud Foundry.

An open-source platform-as-a-service (PaaS) for deploying and running applications. Learn more about Cloud Foundry (CF) on


Stands for Cost Insurance and Freight.

A trade term used in international shipping and commerce that includes insurance and freight costs in the sale price. Learn more about Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) on


Stands for Cumulative Layout Shift.

A metric used to measure visual stability on web pages, particularly in relation to content layout changes during loading. Learn more about Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) on


Stands for Color Management System.

Software or hardware tools used to ensure consistent color across different devices and media. Learn more about Color Management System (CMS) on


Stands for Content Management System.

A software system for creating, managing, and publishing digital content on the web and elsewhere. Learn more about Content Management System (CMS) on


Stands for Canonical Name record.

A DNS record that maps one domain name to another, often used for creating aliases or subdomains. Learn more about Canonical Name record (CNAME) on


Stands for Cloud Native Computing Foundation.

An organization that hosts and supports open-source projects related to cloud-native computing. Learn more about Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) on


Stands for Container Networking Interface.

A specification for configuring network connectivity in containerized environments. Learn more about Container Networking Interface (CNI) on


Stands for Container Network Model.

A set of networking concepts and APIs used in container orchestration systems like Docker. Learn more about Container Network Model (CNM) on


Stands for Close Of Business.

The end of the workday or business operating hours. Learn more about Close Of Business (COB) on


Stands for Confirmed opt-in.

A method of email subscription confirmation where users must confirm their email addresses before receiving content. Learn more about Confirmed opt-in (COI) on


Stands for Close Of Play.

Similar to COB, referring to the end of the workday or business activities. Learn more about Close Of Play (COP) on


Stands for Cost Per Action.

A metric used in online advertising to measure the cost of a specific user action, such as making a purchase or filling out a form. Learn more about Cost Per Action (CPA) on


Stands for Cost Per Impression.

A metric used in online advertising to measure the cost of every time an ad is viewed. Learn more about Cost Per Impression (CPI) on


Stands for Cost Per Mille.

A metric used in online advertising to measure the cost per one thousand ad impressions. Learn more about Cost Per Mille (CPM) on


Stands for Cost Per Thousand.

A metric used in online advertising to measure the cost of reaching one thousand people with an ad. Learn more about Cost Per Thousand (CPT) on

CR #

Stands for Change Request.

A formal request to make changes to a project, system, or process. Learn more about Change Request (CR) on


Stands for Customer Relationship Management.

A strategy and software system for managing interactions and relationships with customers. Learn more about Customer Relationship Management (CRM) on


Stands for Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing.

An algorithm used in distributed storage systems to manage data replication and distribution. Learn more about Controlled Replication Under Scalable Hashing (CRUSH) on

CS #

Stands for Customer Satisfaction.

A measure of how satisfied customers are with a product or service. Learn more about Customer Satisfaction (CS) on


Stands for Customer Service Center.

A facility or department dedicated to handling customer inquiries, support, and service. Learn more about Customer Service Center (CSC) on


Stands for Container Storage Interface.

A standard for connecting container orchestration systems to storage systems. Learn more about Container Storage Interface (CSI) on


Stands for Customer Satisfaction Management.

The process of measuring, analyzing, and improving customer satisfaction. Learn more about Customer Satisfaction Management (CSM) on


Stands for Corporate Strategic Plan.

A document outlining an organization’s long-term strategic goals and objectives. Learn more about Corporate Strategic Plan (CSP) on n/a.


Stands for Certificate Signing Request.

A file containing information used to apply for an SSL certificate. Learn more about Certificate Signing Request (CSR) on


Stands for Cascading Style Sheets.

A stylesheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in HTML. Learn more about Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) on


Stands for Comma-Separated Values.

A common file format for storing and exchanging structured data, commonly using commas as delimiters. Learn more about Comma-Separated Values (CSV) on


Stands for Call To Action.

A design element or message that prompts users to take a specific action, such as clicking a button or signing up. Learn more about Call To Action (CTA) on


Stands for Click-Through Rate.

A metric used in online advertising to measure the percentage of users who click on an ad after viewing it. Learn more about Click-Through Rate (CTR) on


Stands for Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures.

A dictionary of publicly disclosed security vulnerabilities and exposures. Learn more about Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) on

CW #

Stands for Calendar Week.

A week of the year as defined by the ISO 8601 standard. Learn more about Calendar Week (CW) on


Stands for Core Web Vitals.

A set of performance metrics that evaluate the user experience of web pages. Learn more about Core Web Vitals (CWV) on

CX #

Stands for Customer Experience.

The overall experience and satisfaction a customer has when interacting with a brand or product. Learn more about Customer Experience (CX) on

CY #

Stands for Current Year.

The current calendar year. Learn more about Current Year (CY) on


Stands for Digital Asset Management.

The organization, storage, and retrieval of digital assets such as images, videos, and documents. Learn more about Digital Asset Management (DAM) on


Stands for Data Control Language.

A subset of SQL used to control access to data within a database. Learn more about Data Control Language (DCL) on


Stands for Data Definition Language.

A subset of SQL used to define and manage the structure of a database. Learn more about Data Definition Language (DDL) on


Stands for DomainKeys Identified Mail.

A method of email authentication that helps verify the authenticity of the sender’s domain. Learn more about DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) on


Stands for Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance.

A protocol for email authentication that helps prevent email spoofing. Learn more about Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC) on


Stands for Data Manipulation Language.

A subset of SQL used to manipulate and query data in a database. Learn more about Data Manipulation Language (DML) on


Stands for Domain Name System.

A hierarchical naming system that translates human-friendly domain names (e.g., into IP addresses. Learn more about Domain Name System (DNS) on


Stands for Domain Name System Security Extensions.

A set of extensions to DNS that add an extra layer of security to domain name resolution. Learn more about Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) on

DoD #

Stands for Definition of Done.

A set of criteria that must be met before a development task or project is considered complete. Learn more about Definition of Done (DoD) on


Stands for Double opt-in.

A method of email subscription confirmation where users must confirm their email addresses twice. Learn more about Double opt-in (DOI) on


Stands for Data Processing Agreement.

A legally binding document that outlines the responsibilities and terms of data processing between two parties. Learn more about Data Processing Agreement (DPA) on


Stands for Dots Per Inch.

A measure of image resolution, often used to describe the quality and clarity of printed or digital images. Learn more about Dots Per Inch (DPI) on


Stands for Data Protection Impact Assessment.

An assessment of how data processing activities may impact individuals’ privacy and compliance with data protection regulations. Learn more about Data Protection Impact Assessment (DPIA) on


Stands for Domains Protected Marks List.

A service that allows trademark holders to protect their trademarks in new generic top-level domains (gTLDs). Learn more about Domains Protected Marks List (DPML) on


Stands for Data Privacy Notice.

A document or statement that informs individuals about how their personal data is collected and used. Learn more about Data Privacy Notice (DPN) on n/a.


Stands for Data Protection Officer.

A designated individual responsible for ensuring an organization’s compliance with data protection regulations. Learn more about Data Protection Officer (DPO) on


Stands for Device Pixel Ratio.

A ratio that represents the scaling factor for the display of web content on devices with varying pixel densities. Learn more about Device Pixel Ratio (DPR) on


Stands for Data Query Language.

A language used to query databases and retrieve specific data. Learn more about Data Query Language (DQL) on


Stands for Docker Trusted Registry.

A solution for managing and securing Docker container images within an organization. Learn more about Docker Trusted Registry (DTR) on

EA #

Stands for Enterprise Architecture.

The structure, components, and design of an organization to achieve its business objectives. Learn more about Enterprise Architecture (EA) on


Stands for Enterprise Application Integration.

The process of connecting different software applications and systems to work together within an enterprise. Learn more about Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) on


Stands for Enterprise Architecture Management.

The practice of managing and aligning an organization’s overall architecture with its strategic goals. Learn more about Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) on


Stands for European Article Number.

A standard for identifying products using barcodes. Learn more about European Article Number (EAN) on


Stands for Role-based Access Control.

A method of restricting access to systems and data based on roles and permissions assigned to users. Learn more about Role-based Access Control (EBAC) on


Stands for Amazon Elastic Block Store.

A scalable block storage service provided by AWS for use with Amazon EC2 instances. Learn more about Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) on


Stands for Enterprise Content Management.

The practice of managing and organizing an organization’s content, documents, and records. Learn more about Enterprise Content Management (ECM) on


Stands for European Data Protection Board.

An independent European body that helps ensure consistent application of data protection rules within the EU. Learn more about European Data Protection Board (EDPB) on


Stands for Enough Let’s Move On.

A phrase indicating a desire to conclude a discussion or topic and move forward. Learn more about Enough Let’s Move On (ELMO) on n/a.


Stands for Europe, Middle East, Africa.

A geographical region encompassing multiple countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Learn more about Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA) on


Stands for End Of Business.

The end of the business day, often used to specify a deadline or time frame. Learn more about End Of Business (EOB) on


Stands for End Of Day.

A term referring to the close of the business day or trading day. Learn more about End Of Day (EOD) on


Stands for End of Play.

Similar to EOD, indicating the end of a business day or activities. Learn more about End of Play (EOP) on


Stands for Enterprise Resource Planning.

A software system that integrates and manages various business processes and functions within an organization. Learn more about Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) on


Stands for Exchangeable Image File Format.

A standard for storing metadata in image files, often used in digital photography. Learn more about Exchangeable Image File Format (EXIF) on


Stands for Flash of inAccurate coloR Theme.

A brief, undesirable display of colors during web page loading. Learn more about Flash of inAccurate coloR Theme (FART) on n/a.


Stands for First Input Delay.

A web performance metric that measures the time between a user’s first interaction with a web page and the page’s response. Learn more about First Input Delay (FID) on


Stands for Free/Libre Open Source Software.

Software that is open source and free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. Learn more about Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) on


Stands for Free On Board.

A trade term indicating when ownership and responsibility for goods transfer from the seller to the buyer. Learn more about Free On Board (FOB) on


Stands for Flash of Faux Text.

A visual issue where fake text briefly appears before actual content loads on a web page. Learn more about Flash of Faux Text (FOFT) on


Stands for Flash of Invisible Text.

A web page issue where text momentarily disappears during loading. Learn more about Flash of Invisible Text (FOIT) on


Stands for Flash of Unstyled Content.

A visual issue where a web page’s content is briefly unstyled during loading. Learn more about Flash of Unstyled Content (FOUC) on


Stands for Flash of Unstyled Text.

A visual issue where unstyled text briefly appears on a web page before styles are applied. Learn more about Flash of Unstyled Text (FOUT) on


Stands for Frames per Second.

A measurement of a video or animation’s frame rate, indicating how many frames are displayed per second. Learn more about Frames per Second (FPS) on


Stands for Fully Qualified Domain Name.

A domain name that specifies a complete and unique location in the domain name system. Learn more about Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) on

FS #

Stands for Forward Secrecy.

A security feature that ensures that past communications cannot be decrypted even if current encryption keys are compromised. Learn more about Forward Secrecy (FS) on


Stands for Full Time Equivalent.

A unit of measurement representing a full-time employee’s workload, often used for budgeting and resource allocation. Learn more about Full Time Equivalent (FTE) on


Stands for Filesystem in Userspace.

A software interface that allows file systems to be developed and run in user space rather than the kernel space. Learn more about Filesystem in Userspace (FUSE) on


Stands for General Data Protection Regulation.

A comprehensive European Union regulation for data protection and privacy. Learn more about General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on

GfK #

Stands for Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung.

A German market research company. Learn more about Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (GfK) on


Stands for Google Kubernetes Engine.

A managed Kubernetes service provided by Google Cloud. Learn more about Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) on

GP #

Stands for Gross Profit.

The profit earned by a business after deducting the cost of goods sold. Learn more about Gross Profit (GP) on


Stands for Goods and Services Tax.

A consumption tax levied on the value of goods and services. Learn more about Goods and Services Tax (GST) on


Stands for Global Trade Item Number.

A unique product identifier often encoded in barcodes, including UPC and EAN codes. Learn more about Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) on

gTLD #

Stands for Generic Top-Level Domain.

A top-level domain that is not tied to a specific country or region, such as .com or .org. Learn more about Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) on


Stands for Google Tag Manager.

A tool for managing and deploying marketing tags on a website without editing the code. Learn more about Google Tag Manager (GTM) on


Stands for Graphical User Interface.

A visual interface that allows users to interact with software using graphical elements like buttons and menus. Learn more about Graphical User Interface (GUI) on


Stands for HTTP Archive.

A file format used for capturing and storing HTTP request and response data. Learn more about HTTP Archive (HAR) on

HC #

Stands for Headcount.

The total number of employees in an organization. Learn more about Headcount (HC) on


Stands for Human-Computer Interaction.

The study of how people interact with computers and other digital technologies like software systems. Learn more about Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) on


Stands for Hexadecimal.

A base-16 numbering system often used to represent colors and binary data. Learn more about Hexadecimal (HEX) on


Stands for High Dots Per Inch.

A term used to describe displays with high pixel densities, resulting in sharp and clear visuals. Learn more about High Dots Per Inch (HiDPI) on


Stands for High Performance Computing.

The use of advanced computing systems for processing complex and data-intensive tasks. Learn more about High Performance Computing (HPC) on

HR #

Stands for Human Resources.

The department responsible for managing an organization’s workforce, including recruitment, employee relations, and HR policies. Learn more about Human Resources (HR) on


Stands for HTTP Strict Transport Security.

A security policy mechanism that enforces secure connections over HTTPS. Learn more about HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) on


Stands for HyperText Markup Language.

The standard language used to create web pages and structure their content. Learn more about HyperText Markup Language (HTML) on


Stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol.

The foundation for data communication on the World Wide Web. Learn more about Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) on


Stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (Secure).

A protocol for transmitting data on the World Wide Web, with HTTPS providing a secure, encrypted version. Learn more about Hypertext Transfer Protocol (Secure) (HTTP(S)) on

I18N #

Stands for Internationalization.

The process of designing software or content to adapt to different languages and cultures. Learn more about Internationalization (I18N) on

IA #

Stands for Information Architecture.

The structure and organization of information within a system or website. Learn more about Information Architecture (IA) on


Stands for Identity and Access Management.

The administration of digital identities and access rights within an organization. Learn more about Identity and Access Management (IAM) on


Stands for Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

A global organization responsible for managing IP address allocations and domain name system parameters. Learn more about Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on


Stands for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

A non-profit organization responsible for managing domain name and IP address systems. Learn more about Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) on


Stands for (Chinese) Internet Content Provider (license number).

A license number issued in China for entities that provide internet content. Learn more about (Chinese) Internet Content Provider (license number) (ICP) on

ID #

Stands for Identifier.

A unique name, number, or code used to distinguish and reference a specific entity or item. Learn more about Identifier (ID) on


Stands for Integrated Development Environment.

A software application that provides tools for software development, including code editors and debugging. Learn more about Integrated Development Environment (IDE) on


Stands for Internationalized Domain Name.

A domain name that includes characters from various scripts and languages, not limited to Latin characters. Learn more about Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) on


Stands for Internet Engineering Task Force.

A standards organization responsible for developing and promoting internet-related standards and protocols. Learn more about Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) on

IoT #

Stands for Internet of Things.

A network of interconnected physical devices and objects that can communicate and exchange data. Learn more about Internet of Things (IoT) on

IP #

Stands for Internet Protocol.

A set of rules for routing and addressing data on the internet. Learn more about Internet Protocol (IP) on


Stands for InterPlanetary File System.

A decentralized, peer-to-peer file system designed to make the web faster, more secure, and more open. Learn more about InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) on


Stands for Internet Systems Consortium.

A non-profit organization that develops and maintains internet infrastructure software, including BIND. Learn more about Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) on


Stands for International Organization for Standardization.

A non-governmental organization that develops and publishes international standards. Learn more about International Organization for Standardization (ISO) on


Stands for Internet Society.

An organization that advocates for the open development, evolution, and use of the internet for the benefit of all people worldwide. Learn more about Internet Society (ISOC) on


Stands for Internet Service Provider.

A company that provides internet access to customers. Learn more about Internet Service Provider (ISP) on


Stands for Internet Security Research Group.

The organization that manages Let’s Encrypt, a free certificate authority for securing websites. Learn more about Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) on


Stands for IT Operations Management.

The practice of managing and optimizing an organization’s IT infrastructure and services. Learn more about IT Operations Management (ITOM) on


Stands for IT Service Management.

A set of practices and tools for managing and delivering IT services to meet the needs of an organization. Learn more about IT Service Management (ITSM) on

JF #

Stands for Jour Fixe.

A regularly scheduled meeting or appointment. The incorrect spelling “Jour fix” is widespread in German. However, the French word “fixe” is always written with an e at the end. Learn more about Jour Fixe (JF) on

JS #

Stands for JavaScript.

A versatile scripting language used to add interactivity and functionality to web pages. Learn more about JavaScript (JS) on


Stands for JavaScript Object Notation.

A lightweight data interchange format used for data exchange between a server and a web application. Learn more about JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) on


Stands for Key Goal Indicator.

A performance indicator used to measure progress toward key organizational goals. Learn more about Key Goal Indicator (KGI) on


Stands for Key Performance Indicator.

A measurable value used to evaluate the success and performance of an organization, project, or individual. Learn more about Key Performance Indicator (KPI) on


Stands for Kernel-based Virtual Machine.

A virtualization infrastructure for the Linux kernel that allows running multiple virtual machines. Learn more about Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) on


Stands for Largest Contentful Paint.

A Core Web Vital metric that measures the loading performance of the largest element on a web page. Learn more about Largest Contentful Paint (LCP) on


Stands for Life Time Value.

A metric that estimates the long-term value of a customer to a business. Also: Customer Lifetime Value (CLV or often CLTV), or Lifetime Customer Value (LCV). Learn more about Life Time Value (LTV) on


Stands for Linux Containers.

A lightweight and efficient technology for running multiple Linux systems on a single host. Learn more about Linux Containers (LXC) on


Stands for Mandatory Access Control.

A security model where access control decisions are based on security labels assigned to objects and subjects. Learn more about Mandatory Access Control (MAC) on


Stands for Media Asset Management.

The organization, storage, and retrieval of media assets, such as images, videos, and audio. Learn more about Media Asset Management (MAM) on


Stands for Management by Objectives.

A management model that involves setting specific objectives and using them to evaluate performance. Learn more about Management by Objectives (MBO) on

MD #

Stands for Man-day.

A unit of work effort typically equivalent to one person’s work for one day. Learn more about Man-day (MD) on


Stands for Middle East and Africa.

A region encompassing countries in the Middle East and Africa. Learn more about Middle East and Africa (MEA) on

MH #

Stands for Man-hour.

A unit of work effort typically equivalent to one person’s work for one hour. Learn more about Man-hour (MH) on


Stands for Month to Date.

The period from the beginning of the current month to the present date. Learn more about Month to Date (MTD) on


Stands for Make to Order.

A manufacturing strategy where products are only produced after receiving customer orders. Learn more about Make to Order (MTO) on


Stands for Minimal Viable Product.

A version of a product with the minimum features required to meet customer needs and gather feedback. Learn more about Minimal Viable Product (MVP) on

NaN #

Stands for Not a Number.

A value representing an undefined or unrepresentable numerical result. Learn more about Not a Number (NaN) on


Stands for Net Promoter Score.

A metric used to gauge customer satisfaction and loyalty by asking how likely users are to recommend a product or service. Learn more about Net Promoter Score (NPS) on


Stands for Net Present Value.

A financial metric used to assess the profitability of an investment or project. Learn more about Net Present Value (NPV) on


Stands for Open Container Initiative.

An open-source project that defines standards for container runtimes and images. Learn more about Open Container Initiative (OCI) on


Stands for Open Networking Foundation.

A non-profit consortium dedicated to promoting software-defined networking (SDN) and open networking. Learn more about Open Networking Foundation (ONF) on


Stands for Object Oriented CSS.

A methodology for organizing and writing CSS code in a modular and maintainable way. Learn more about Object Oriented CSS (OOCSS) on


Stands for Object-Relational Mapping.

A programming technique that maps objects to relational database tables. Learn more about Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) on


Stands for Please Find Attached.

A common phrase used in email communications to indicate that an attachment is included. Learn more about Please Find Attached (PFA) on


Stands for Hypertext Preprocessor.

A server-side scripting language for web development. Learn more about Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) on


Stands for Personal Identifiable Information.

Information that can be used to identify an individual, such as name, address, and Social Security number. Learn more about Personal Identifiable Information (PII) on


Stands for Product Information Management.

The process of managing and centralizing product-related data and information. Learn more about Product Information Management (PIM) on

PJ #

Stands for Project.

A temporary effort to achieve a specific goal or deliver a particular product or service. Learn more about Project (PJ) on n/a.


Stands for Public Key Infrastructure.

A system that manages digital keys, certificates, and other security-related items. Learn more about Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) on


Stands for Project Lifecycle Management.

The process of managing and overseeing a project from its initiation to its completion. Learn more about Project Lifecycle Management (PLM) on

PM #

Stands for Product Manager.

A role responsible for the development and success of a product, including planning, development, and marketing. Learn more about Product Manager (PM) on


Stands for Project Management Office.

A centralized group responsible for managing and standardizing project management practices within an organization. Learn more about Project Management Office (PMO) on

PO #

Stands for Purchase Order.

A document issued by a buyer to a seller, specifying products or services to be purchased. Learn more about Purchase Order (PO) on


Stands for Point Of Contact.

A designated person or entity to interact with or contact regarding a specific matter. Learn more about Point Of Contact (POC) on


Stands for Proof of Concept.

A small-scale test or experiment to evaluate the feasibility of an idea or technology. Learn more about Proof of Concept (POC) on


Stands for Purchase Order Number.

A unique identifier assigned to a purchase order for tracking and reference. Learn more about Purchase Order Number (PON) on


Stands for Point Of Sale.

The location and system where transactions, such as purchases, occur. Learn more about Point Of Sale (POS) on


Stands for Portable Operating System Interface.

A family of standards that define the application programming interface for Unix-like operating systems. Learn more about Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) on


Stands for Pay-Per-Click.

An advertising model where advertisers pay a fee each time their ad is clicked. Learn more about Pay-Per-Click (PPC) on


Stands for Pixels Per Inch.

A measure of image or display resolution, indicating how many pixels are packed into one inch. Learn more about Pixels Per Inch (PPI) on


Stands for Project Portfolio Management.

The centralized management of an organization’s projects and initiatives. Learn more about Project Portfolio Management (PPM) on

PR #

Stands for Public Relations.

The practice of managing communication between an organization and the public to maintain a positive image. Learn more about Public Relations (PR) on


Stands for Pseudorandom Function Family.

A family of functions used in cryptography to generate pseudorandom data. Learn more about Pseudorandom Function Family (PRF) on


Stands for Project To Date.

The progress or status of a project up to the current date. Learn more about Project To Date (PTD) on n/a.

PY #

Stands for Prior Year.

The calendar year immediately preceding the current year. Learn more about Prior Year (PY) on n/a.

Q&A #

Stands for Question and Answer.

A format or session where questions are posed and answered. Learn more about Question and Answer (Q&A) on

QM #

Stands for Quality Management.

A set of practices and processes for ensuring product or service quality. Learn more about Quality Management (QM) on


Stands for Response Animation Idle Load.

A user-centric performance model for measuring web page performance. Learn more about Response Animation Idle Load (RAIL) on


Stands for Remote Desktop Protocol.

A protocol for accessing and controlling a remote computer or desktop over a network. Learn more about Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) on


Stands for Representational State Transfer.

A software architectural style that defines a set of constraints for designing networked applications. Learn more about Representational State Transfer (REST) on


Stands for Request For Comments.

A document series used to develop and define internet standards and protocols. Learn more about Request For Comments (RFC) on


Stands for Red Green Blue.

A color model that combines red, green, and blue light to create a wide range of colors. Learn more about Red Green Blue (RGB) on


Stands for Red Green Blue Alpha.

A color model that adds an alpha channel to the RGB model, allowing transparency. Learn more about Red Green Blue Alpha (RGBA) on


Stands for Return Material Authorization.

A process that authorizes the return of defective or unwanted products. Learn more about Return Material Authorization (RMA) on

RoPA #

Stands for Record of Processing Activities.

A document that records an organization’s processing of personal data as required by data protection regulations. Learn more about Record of Processing Activities (RoPA) on


Stands for Recommended Retail Price.

The manufacturer’s suggested price at which a product should be sold to consumers. Learn more about Recommended Retail Price (RRP) on


Stands for Responsive Web Design.

Designing web pages to provide an optimal viewing experience on various screen sizes and devices. Learn more about Responsive Web Design (RWD) on

S2I #

Stands for Source-To-Image.

A framework that automates the process of building container images from source code. Learn more about Source-To-Image (S2I) on

SaaS #

Stands for Software as a Service.

A cloud computing model where software applications are delivered over the internet on a subscription basis. Learn more about Software as a Service (SaaS) on

SAFe #

Stands for Scaled Agile Framework.

A framework for scaling agile principles and methods to large organizations. Learn more about Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) on


Stands for Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing.

A software suite used for enterprise resource planning and other business applications. Learn more about Systems, Applications & Products in Data Processing (SAP) on


Stands for Source Control Management.

The practice of managing and tracking changes to source code and other software assets. Learn more about Source Control Management (SCM) on


Stands for Supply Chain Management.

The management of the flow of goods, services, and information within a supply chain. Learn more about Supply Chain Management (SCM) on


Stands for Software-Defined Networking.

An approach to networking that uses software-based controllers or application programming interfaces (APIs) to communicate and control the underlying network infrastructure. Learn more about Software-Defined Networking (SDN) on


Stands for Software-Defined Storage.

A storage technology that separates storage hardware from the software that manages it, enabling greater flexibility and automation. Learn more about Software-Defined Storage (SDS) on


Stands for Search Engine Result Page.

The page displayed by a search engine that lists search results in response to a query. Learn more about Search Engine Result Page (SERP) on

SG&A #

Stands for Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.

A financial metric representing an organization’s costs related to sales, management, and administration. Learn more about Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A) on


Stands for Stock Keeping Unit.

A unique identifier for a product or item used in inventory management. Learn more about Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) on


Stands for Service Level Agreement.

A formal agreement that defines the level of service expected between a service provider and a customer. Learn more about Service Level Agreement (SLA) on


Stands for Server Name Indication.

An extension to the TLS protocol that allows a client to indicate the hostname it’s attempting to connect to. Learn more about Server Name Indication (SNI) on


Stands for Simple Network Management Protocol.

A protocol used for monitoring and managing network devices and their functions. Learn more about Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) on


Stands for Standard Operating Procedure.

A document outlining a set of step-by-step instructions for performing a specific task or process. Learn more about Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on


Stands for Single-Page Application.

A web application that loads a single HTML page and dynamically updates content as the user interacts with it. Learn more about Single-Page Application (SPA) on


Stands for Sender Policy Framework.

An email authentication method that helps prevent email spoofing and phishing. Learn more about Sender Policy Framework (SPF) on

SPoC #

Stands for Single Point of Contact.

A designated individual or entity that serves as the primary contact for specific matters. Learn more about Single Point of Contact (SPoC) on


Stands for Structured Query Language.

A language for managing and manipulating relational databases. Learn more about Structured Query Language (SQL) on


Stands for Static Site Generator.

A tool that generates static HTML files from source code or content, often used for websites and blogs. Learn more about Static Site Generator (SSG) on


Stands for Secure Sockets Layer.

A security protocol that provides encryption and data integrity for data transmitted over networks. Learn more about Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) on


Stands for Scalable Vector Graphics.

A format for vector images that can scale without losing quality. Learn more about Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) on


Stands for To Be Announced.

An abbreviation used to indicate that information or details will be provided in the future. Learn more about To Be Announced (TBA) on


Stands for To Be Confirmed.

An abbreviation used to indicate that information or arrangements are pending confirmation. Learn more about To Be Confirmed (TBC) on


Stands for To Be Decided.

An abbreviation used to indicate that a decision or choice has not been made yet. Learn more about To Be Decided (TBD) on


Stands for Tata Consulting Services.

An Indian multinational IT services and consulting company. Learn more about Tata Consulting Services (TCS) on


Stands for Test-driven Development.

A software development approach where tests are written before code is implemented. Learn more about Test-driven Development (TDD) on


Stands for Tagged Image File Format.

A file format for storing images, often used in graphic design and professional photography. Learn more about Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) on


Stands for Transport Layer Security.

A cryptographic protocol used to secure data transmission over networks. Learn more about Transport Layer Security (TLS) on


Stands for The Open Group Architecture Framework.

An enterprise architecture methodology and framework for improving business efficiency. Learn more about The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) on

TOMs #

Stands for Technical and Organizational Measures.

Measures taken to ensure the security and privacy of personal data, often required by data protection regulations. Learn more about Technical and Organizational Measures (TOMs) on


Stands for Time to First Byte.

A web performance metric that measures the time it takes for a user’s browser to receive the first byte of a response from a web server. Learn more about Time to First Byte (TTFB) on


Stands for Time to Live.

A value used to limit the lifespan of data in computer networking and domain name systems. Learn more about Time to Live (TTL) on

U2F #

Stands for Universal 2nd Factor.

A standard for two-factor authentication tokens using USB or NFC devices. Learn more about Universal 2nd Factor (U2F) on


Stands for User Acceptance Testing.

A phase of software testing where end-users evaluate the system to ensure it meets their requirements. Learn more about User Acceptance Testing (UAT) on


Stands for User-Centered Design.

A design approach that focuses on the needs and preferences of end-users throughout the design and development process. Learn more about User-Centered Design (UCD) on


Stands for User-Driven Development.

A development approach that emphasizes active involvement and feedback from end-users. Learn more about User-Driven Development (UDD) on


Stands for User Datagram Protocol.

A connectionless communication protocol used in network and internet communication. Learn more about User Datagram Protocol (UDP) on


Stands for User-generated Content.

Content created and shared by users, such as reviews, comments, and social media posts. Learn more about User-generated Content (UGC) on

UI #

Stands for User Interface.

The point of interaction between a user and a digital product, such as a website or application. Learn more about User Interface (UI) on


Stands for Universal Product Code.

A standardized barcode used to identify products in retail and manufacturing. Learn more about Universal Product Code (UPC) on


Stands for Uniform Resource Identifier.

A string of characters used to identify a name or resource on the internet. Learn more about Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) on


Stands for Uniform Resource Locator.

A web address that specifies the location of a resource on the internet. Learn more about Uniform Resource Locator (URL) on

UX #

Stands for User Experience.

The overall experience and satisfaction a user has when interacting with a product or system. Learn more about User Experience (UX) on


Stands for Value Added Tax.

A consumption tax levied at multiple stages of production and distribution of goods and services. Learn more about Value Added Tax (VAT) on

VC #

Stands for Video Conference.

A live, visual meeting or communication between two or more people in different locations. Learn more about Video Conference (VC) on


Stands for Virtual Desktop Infrastructure.

A technology that hosts a desktop operating system on a centralized server, making it accessible to users remotely. Learn more about Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) on


Stands for Vi IMproved.

An advanced and enhanced version of the Unix text editor Vi. Learn more about Vi IMproved (VIM) on


Stands for Voice of the Customer.

The process of capturing and analyzing customer feedback and preferences. Learn more about Voice of the Customer (VOC) on


Stands for Voice User Interface.

A technology that allows users to interact with computers and devices using spoken language. Learn more about Voice User Interface (VUI) on

W3C #

Stands for World Wide Web Consortium.

An international community that develops standards and guidelines for the World Wide Web. Learn more about World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) on


Stands for Work Breakdown Structure.

A hierarchical decomposition of a project into smaller, manageable tasks and work packages. Learn more about Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) on


Stands for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.

A set of guidelines for making web content more accessible to people with disabilities. Learn more about Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) on


Stands for Web Content Management.

The process of creating, managing, and delivering digital content for websites. Learn more about Web Content Management (WCM) on


Stands for Web Content Management System.

A software system for creating, managing, and publishing digital content on the web. Learn more about Web Content Management System (WCMS) on


Stands for Web Open Font Format.

A font file format designed for use on the web, providing efficient and reliable font delivery. Learn more about Web Open Font Format (WOFF) on


Stands for Web Services Description Language.

A standard for describing the functions and operations of web services. Learn more about Web Services Description Language (WSDL) on


Stands for World Wide Web.

A system of interconnected hypertext documents and multimedia content accessible via the internet. Learn more about World Wide Web (WWW) on


Stands for What You See Is What You Get.

Editors or tools that show content as it will appear to the end user. Learn more about What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) on

XaaS #

Stands for Everything as a Service.

A model where various services and resources are delivered over the internet or a network. Learn more about Everything as a Service (XaaS) on


Stands for XML Localization Interchange File Format.

A standard for exchanging localized versions of digital content. Learn more about XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF) on


Stands for Extensible Markup Language.

A markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. Learn more about Extensible Markup Language (XML) on


Stands for XML Schema Definition.

A description of the structure and content of an XML document. Learn more about XML Schema Definition (XSD) on


Stands for XSD (XML Schema Definition).

A specification used for describing the structure and constraints of XML documents. Learn more about XSD (XML Schema Definition) (XSDS) on


Stands for Year Over Year.

A comparison of data or performance from one year to the next. Learn more about Year Over Year (YOY) on


Stands for Year To Date.

The period from the beginning of the current year to the present date. Learn more about Year To Date (YTD) on

“When providing information, make sure your site has something unique to offer.”

Sally Hambridge, Chair of the IETF Network Working GroupIETF RFC 1855 - Netiquette Guidelines, - UX quotes